Flora of Kythira
The climate of the island is Mediterranean, with hot summer and mild but humid winter. The species of flora that thrive on Kythira can withstand the dry summer and mild winter and the low altitude of the island. Kythira includes approximately 800 species of flora, where we mention a few of them.
Mainly semi-shrubs are found such as poterium spinosum, genista acantoclada, euphorbia, salvia, phlomis fruticosa, Olea oleaster, pistacia lentiscus ), heather (Calycotome villosa) heather (Erica), thyme (thymus Capitatus), myrtle (myrtus communis), honeysuckle (lonicera etrusca).
The trees that are usually found on the island are: cedar (juniperus phoenicea), carob (Ceratonia siliqua), sycamore (Platanus orientalis), cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), olive (Olea europaea), almond (Prunus dulcis) ), fig (Ficus carica). In the last century, new species such as pines, eucalyptus, poplars and others were planted in Kythira.
In Kythira, there are also many endemic plants, mainly herbs. The herbs are considered very important for their healing properties and are included even today in the eating habits of the locals. Such are thyme, balsamos, thrumpi, oregano, fennel, mallow, sage, chamomile, rosemary, yarrow, apiganos, cucumber thistle.
On the island there is a very wide variety of flowers, the most famous of which is the sempreviva with its small round yellow flowers that never wither!