Mythology - Classical period.
Hesiod in his Theogony says that Saturn in the struggle for power cut off the genitals of his father Uranus, who died in the Sea of Kythira. From the foam created the Goddess Aphrodite was born. Then the waves swept away the Goddess in Cyprus, where he also worshiped as a goddess and protector of the island.
The interpretation - aposymvolismos the Myth refers to geologic upheavals that resulted in the emergence of the island from the sea. In this testimony and the large number of paleontological discoveries in Mitata Viaradika and, coming from the sea.
[pullquote align="left"]The first association of Venus with Kythira become the Orphic which is referred to as "Goddess of Love Kythereia nurse"[/pullquote]
[quote style="1"]Venus was the goddess of beauty more and illicit sex and rarely protect the marital life. Sacred symbols were the white doves, a pair of pigeons dragging the chariot. Symbols were also apple, poppy, pomegranate blossom, rose, the myrtle and the anemone.[/quote]
[column size="1-2" last="0" style="0"]On the basis of archaeological surveys (Diakofti, Dragonares, St George Mountain, etc.), the island was inhabited before 3000 BC, during the Minoan (3000-1200 BC) and Mycenaean period (1400-1100 BC) was a center block and stop the Minoans on their journeys from Crete to the Peloponnese, but until today the UK.
The first examples of local pottery dating back to 3000 BC whose main characteristic quality of the local clay, then Kytherians potters influenced by the Minoans, as the finds from the tomb of Lyon, outside the town.
Homer says in his epics that came from Kythira
heroes Lykofronas and Amfidamantas, and there spent the first days of their love Paris and Helen of Sparta leaving and then continue their journey to Troy, which has meant that the Trojan war.[/column]
[column size="1-2" last="2" style="0"] Kythira, due to its strategic location at the entrance of the Laconian Gulf, were often the subject of dispute between Athens and Sparta, control of which lies mostly. But the Athenians took the island several times (456 to Tolmidi eg, 424 for example with Nicias, and Nikostrato Aftokli and 394 as the Conon and Pharnabazus during Persoathinaikis alliance) and installed guard in this filospartiatikes evicting the authorities.
In the field of arts in classical times, Cythera Xenodamo highlighted the poet, which was considered tantamount Pindar (sixth century BC), the famous dithyramb Hosting (5th century BC) and Ptolemy the poet, the Hermogenes sculpted and musician Alexander.
After the Peloponnesian War and the decline of Sparta and Athens that followed, Kythira and they lost their importance and fell into a long decline.[/column]
[column size="1-2" last="0" style="0"]In Roman times, KythIra continued to live as resulting from sporadic reports authors (Plutarch, Dio Cashews, Strabo) and of the few archaeological discoveries that date back to that time. From the 2nd AD century, the era in which a label, indicating that the locals honor the Roman emperor Trajan. [/column]
[column size="1-2" last="2" style="0"]By the 6th century AD Kythera not mentioned in the sources and seems to have crossed a long period of desolation and sparse habitation. This arises from the legendary St Elesas, allegedly tortured and sports on the island in the 4th AD century. The torture of small states that followed a wave of pilgrims from the Peloponnese, who went and settled on the island.[/column]