[pullquote align="right"]After more than a century after the lifting of the ancient Antikythera load, the remains of a Roman ship of the Hellenistic Age was first presented together at the National Archaeological Museum.[/pullquote]
It was May 1900 and sponge divers from Symi, due to heavy storm makes an obligatory stop on Antikythera. When the sea calms, Holy Tuesday on the day, one of them, Elias Lykopantis will dive in the waters, but instead will see sponges at a depth of 50 meters around the wreck of a ship scattered around the statues of bronze and marble. So when you go up to the surface, will hold a bronze arm as proof!
It took six months but from then until the sponge to come into contact with the archaeologist and Education Minister at the time Spyridon Stai to start organizing the salvage operation of the precious cargo ship with the assistance of the Royal Navy.
[quote style="1"]More than a century later and after that period the wreck has become famous not only for carrying artwork, but also for the mysterious Antikythira Mechanism
, "The oldest example of scientific technology that has survived until today and completely changes our view of ancient Greek technology," as told by the first scholar, physicist, mathematician and historian of science Derek de Sola Price, the findings from this Roman ship is presented for the first time together.[/quote]
[column size="1-2" last="0" style="1"]This is a total of 378 objects that find their place in the report of the National Archaeological Museum "The Antikythera wreck. The ship - Treasures - The Facility ", opening in April and will last one year. Among them, the findings of archaeological research in the second wreck took place in 1976 with the help of the Cousteau oceanographic ship, the famous Calypso. Sculptures and luxury utensils, glassware, pottery and bronze vessels, jewelery, coins, parts of a bed, and pieces of the ship itself,[/column]
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even food remnants, and of course the mechanism, in which dedicated an entire room, reconstruct the journey of this unfortunate vessel sank around 60-50 BC A time when commercial shipping and maritime works of art from the East to the West had reached its apogee them. The load, however, mostly dating from the Hellenistic period (late 2nd - early 1st century BC), with one exception: the exquisite art bronze statue of the so-called Antikythera Adolescents belonging to the 4th century BC.[/column]
[quote style="1"]"Order to decorate the villa of a wealthy Roman art was carried by the ship or were sold in the markets," says director of the National Archaeological Museum Nikos Kaltsas.[/quote]
[column size="1-2" last="0" style="1"]The findings reveal the aesthetic preferences of consignors or buyers, it also reflects for the first time the phenomenon of trafficking in works of art, which will then get large scale in Western culture. "
Six marble sculptures, bronze statuettes six male figures and athletes (they are brought to light by recent research in the wreck) and many members of large bronze statues will accompany the teenager Antikythera. This is the statue of a wrestler and new statues of Ulysses and Achilles, which can be fitted together in a composition inspired by the Trojan cycle, which circles the art lovers of the time were very fashionable! Is shocking but the impression left by sculptures which came from warehouses especially for the exhibition because of how their conservation in the sea. An Apollo, a Mercury, the shaft horse that came from a quadriga, all of Parian marble, half-eaten by microorganisms but - unlike the section was immersed in mud and so remained solid.[/column]
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In exibition is the representation of an ancient bed of plexiglass on which to place the bronze decorative elements and pieces of wood, also survived.
Various parts of gold necklaces and earrings three - two pair - with inserts gems and pearls open the breadth of the ship or goods may mean that it aboard and women.[/column]
Food and accessories.
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The large quantity of pottery erythrovafous also, but its quality, suggesting that it was for sale. The exhibition features 20 paintings, 30 jars and some oxypythmenoi amphorae, used for transporting water, oil, wine and food pastes, which were required for the trip. Olive fruit and ate snails show what travelers and crew. Capacity was 300 tons, according to scholars, this ship (Olkas the ancients), which started from the eastern Aegean to be lost in the sea of Antikythera, open the sea of Kythira
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Pieces of wood from the hull, many bronze and iron nails, fittings and equipment, such as water drainage system, meters - bottom detectors etc. also presented in the report by completing the picture of the wreck.
But what else could be on the bottom? "From the video Cousteau see huge piles of pottery that have anelkythei. There is also information from the first survey that they tried again and again to tie a marble statue to retrieve the surface, but eventually fell and slid into the abyss next to the wreck and apparently lost for good. Who knows what may yet be salvaged?[/column]